'too' and 'enough'
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Activity type: grammar presentation based on a test teach test model
- Dictate to the students: Should people be able to vote, to drive, to drink alcohol, to get married at age 18?
- Put the students into pairs and ask them to discuss this question based on their own opinions. As they are doing this, draw the incomplete chart below on the board.
- Once they have discussed the questions, ask each pair to feedback their opinions. As they do this, fill in the blanks in which adjectives should go depending on the students’ opinions; for example if they agree that people should be able to get married at 18, try to elicit an appropriate adjective to express the students’ opinions. If they have opposing opinions, elicit an adjective for the ‘too’ chart.
- Once you have almost complete charts, ask the students to think of the two words which are missing i.e. too and enough.
- If they cannot guess, impose the words. Then the students’ understanding of the structures and highlight the form of them, which is noted below i.e. adjective + enough + infinitive and too + adjective + infinitive.
- Go over the complete sentences that are on the board.
- Tell the students to then look away from the board and to look at you. Drill the models sufficiently.
- Once you have done this provide the worksheet below to complete.
- Then dictate: use contraceptives, be tried as an adult, get a gun license, be a jury member. You may need to explain a few of vocabulary here. Ask the students to discuss, in groups, the ages which they think are appropriate to be able for the above. Tell them that, as much as possible, they should try to use the structures on the board.
- At the end of the activity, listen to the students’ findings and correct when necessary.
Look at the complete version below.
At 18 people are ________________ _________ to vote.
At 18 people are ________________ _________ to drink alcohol.
At 18 people are ________________ _________ to drive.
At 18 people are ________________ _________ to get married.
At 18 people are TOO ______________ to vote.
At 18 people are TOO ______________ to get married.
At 18 people are TOO ______________ to drink.
At 18 people are TOO ______________ to dive.
Example of a complete version:
ADJECTIVE + ENOUGH + INFINITIVE
At 18 people are mature enough to vote.
At 18 people are sensible enough to drink alcohol.
At 18 people are clever enough to drive.
At 18 people are responsible enough to get married.
TOO + ADJECTIVE + INFINITIVE
At 18 people are too immature to vote.
At 18 people are too irresponsible to drive a car.
At 18 people are too young to get married.
At 18 people are too stupid to drink alcohol.
Complete the sentences using the words in parentheses.
- Teenagers are ________________________ (too/young/vote).
- Teenagers are ________________________ (not/enough/responsible/drink alcohol).
- At 18 people are ______________________ (too/drive/irresponsible).
- At 21 people are ______________________ (enough/mature/drink).
- At 55 people are ______________________ (young/retire/too).
- At 25 people are ______________________ (not/responsible/children/enough).
- At 85 people are ______________________ (enough/old/retire).
- At 15 teenagers ______________________ (tried as an adult/young/too).
- At 16 teenagers are ___________________ (sensible/enough/marry).
- At 14 children are ____________________ (young too/leave school).